The story of King Arthur is one of the most famous Celtic myths. King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table who followed him are widely known in western Europe. As these stories are of strong Christian color, they were accepted and circulated in the medieval Europe in a short period of time.
In the Arthurian legend, Arthur Pendragon (King Arthur, also known as Artorius) was the illegitimate child of his father Uther. Later, his father listened to the suggestion of great wizard Merlin, and put Arthur in foster care of an ordinary noble family. Arthur was elected the new king of Britain after he drew out the sword of Galgano Guidotti embedded in a rock. After that, he acquired the legendary sword Excalibur from the Lady of the Lake.
Britain had been under the oppression of Roman Empire for a long time since the 1st century AD. Around 500 AD, Saxons, a Germanic ptribe invaded and looted Britain. King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table led people to rise up in resistance. They successfully repelled the Saxons from north after twelve campaigns. Finally, they smashed the enemy in the Battle of Badon, and drove all the alien invaders out of Britain.
During the war against Saxons, the Knights of the Round Table became an important part of the kingdom. According to legend, King Arthur once had 150 knights. They did not only fight in the battlefield, but also discuss domestic affairs at the Round Table. Although they formed some factions due to the differences in political views, but at the Round Table they were allowed to have free speech regardless of identity and status. Many legendary stories took place on the legendary Round Table, including the quest for the Holy Grail.
In the later, King Arthur married Queen Guinevere, who however fell in love with Sir Lancelot, an excellent member of the Knights of the Round Table. Later on, Sir Lancelot rescued Queen Guinevere when she was about be executed by fire, and they fled to France.
Had held the grudge against the shame of losing his wife, King Arthur decided to lead an expedition by himself after being incited by his nephew Sir Gawain. But during the expedition, his fellow knight Mordred betrayed him and revolted. King Arthur returned to Britain immediately once learning the news. When the peace negotiation was undergoing, a snake secretly climbed up a knight, who drew his sword and chopped the snake. This was the sign that a bloody war would soon break out.
In the Battle of Camlann, both armies suffered heavy casualties. In the end, King Arthur killed Mordred with his sword Excalibur, but he was also hit by Mordred’s deadly strike.
King Arthur passed away after ordering his last knight Sir Bedivere to throw his sword Excalibur back to the lake. However, as is described in many other works of literature regarding King Arthur, the dying King Arthur was shipped to Avalon by three mysterious fairies. He was buried there, but people believed that he did not die and would come back to save them one day.